THE SAMA BALANGUINGUI TRIBE OF THE GREATER SULU PENINSULA, BORNEO AND SABAH
IN ECHAGUE THE YOGADS CALLED THEM THE MOROT (MORO).
Banguingui, also known as Sama Banguingui, Sama Bangingi’, Bangingi, and Samal Banguingui, is a distinct ethno-linguistic group dispersed throughout the Greater Sulu Archipelago and southern and western coastal regions of theZamboanga Peninsula in Mindanao.People
The Banguingui are not officially recognized by law either in the Philippines or in the neighboring Malaysian state of Sabah. This can be attributed to their natural ability to culturally assimilate and their acceptance in either Tausug, Sama and Yakansocieties. The Banguingui are part of the wider Moro ethnic group, who constitute the sixth largest Filipino ethnic group.
The Banguingui language has both written and oral traditions. Its written language is in Jawi script and is fast becoming a dying tradition. Oral traditions are handed down by the kamattoahan (elders) to the kaanakan or anak baha-u (new generations).
The Banguingui build and manage formidable kuta (forts) throughout the Sulu Archipelago as well as vintaor (bangka-bangka) boats that roam the Sulu-Sulawesi region. At the height of the Sulu Sultanate, the Banguingui forms the bulk of the Sultan's navy, leading retaliatory raids against Spanish controlled outposts in Mindanao, the Visayas and as far as Luzon to the north.
- Maas Alidji – a mariner in the service of the Sultan who gain fame during a battle in Brunei Bay.
- Maas Arola Tulawi – one time governor of the Province of Sulu and patriarch of the Tulawie Clan. His descendants include the some of the political leaders in the province. Their bailiwick is the Municipality of Talipao in the eastern region of Jolo Island.
- Imam Jai Dionga – First cousin of Maas Arola Tulawi and headman (i.e. barrio captain) of Buan Island in the Province of Tawi-Tawi for more than three decades. He is well respected by Tausug, Bajau and Sama alike. He was one time Vice Mayor of the Municipality of Balimbing (now Panglima Sugala).